Linguists are interested in language for its own sake, as a complex product of the human mind. They are also interested in how language develops in children, how it changes over time, and how it is used in human society. Furthermore, Neuroscientist Suzana Herculano-Houzel has pointed out that our brains are different because of the number of neurons packed into our skulls — it’s less about the size of our brains. The density of that packing, and the ensuing neuronal connections this density allows for, gives rise to our ability to acquire language from birth and use it till death. She assumes that the main function of the brain is to regulate our bodies as we move through life. That means that at every given moment, our brains assess our hunger, threat levels, etc. to figure out how much energy we need to get through the day. Thinking and cognitive perception are secondary products of how our brain responds predicatively to our environment. If the grammatical system is a resource that the brain uses depending on context, then our emotions and identity can also affect how we use grammar. This is precisely what we have found. [Retrieved from https://www.umass.edu/linguistics/; https://neurosciencenews-com.cdn.ampproject.org/c/s/neurosciencenews.com/emotion-grammar-linguistics-19790/amp/?fbclid=IwAR3Uu9_tlLeZS-7upnvBRvIbBvarR46E9SathZ7y3fKeLSoWBwQ8y4JZFnU].
In addition, these Brodmanns [see Ras and Pons above] have been widely redefined, discussed, debated, and refined exhaustively based on cytoarchitecture, cortical functions, and brain plasticity. Brodmann areas of the cerebral cortex are based on the types of neurons and connections that typically found each region. For Dyslexia this includes the left hemisphere language zones of their brain, (ie anatomic regions called Superior Temporal Gyrus, Angular Gyrus and Supramarginal gyrus, Broca’s region). There are 52 Brodmann regions, covering the primary somatosensory cortex, primary motor cortex, somatosensory association cortex, premotor and supplementary motor cortex, dorsolateral/anterior prefrontal cortex, anterior prefrontal cortex, and primary visual and audio cortexes, plus additional areas. BA18 of Brodmann (human) refers to a subdivision of the cytoarchitecturally defined occipital region of cerebral cortex. In the human it is located in parts of the cuneus, the lingual gyrus and the middle occipital gyrus of the occipital lobe. Brodmann area 22 is cytoarchitecturally located in the posterior superior temporal gyrus of the brain. In the left cerebral hemisphere, it is one portion of Wernicke’s area. The prefrontal cortex contains Brodmann areas is thought to be involved in psychological functions such as executive tasks, attention, and memory. This Research Topic, since they are the most rostral, and might be involved in more elementary computations as compared to, say, BA46, which is clearly involved in working memory. Also, Brodmann area 10 (BA10, frontopolar prefrontal cortex, rostrolateral prefrontal cortex, or anterior prefrontal cortex, the area is “described as “one of the least well-understood regions of the human brain”. Ronel (2018) conducted a similar analysis for ADHD, in terms of 4 types of selection/inhibition (lateral BA 8 – motor selection/inhibition; lateral BA 9 – emotion selection/inhibition; lateral BA 10 – memory selection/inhibition; lateral BA 11 – sensory selection/inhibition). Present research suggests that it is involved in strategic processes in memory recall and various executive functions. During human evolution, the functions in this area resulted in its expansion relative to the rest of the brain.” [Retrieved from https://www.kenhub.com/en/library/anatomy/brodmann-areas; https://www.frontiersin.org/articles/10.3389/fnbeh.2013.00198/full]
“Just as we live our life out of memory, thinking and dwelling in the past as a way of creating the future in the present by using the same idea to create a new variation, our body is regenerated and sustained out of the same memory. The mind forms an astral image as a hologram that imprints the etheric body with the information of that image.” [Retrieved from HERE; https://www.frontiersin.org/research-topics/19625/the-four-streams-of-the-prefrontal-cortex; http://ecotopia.org/thymos-as-biopsychological-metaphor-the-vital-root-of-consciousness/].
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