Dopamine and Executive Functioning

#education #ASC #mentalhealth #ADHD #student #dyslexia #myelbert

ADHD: http://rite.link/XfY5 #Note: COMT-22 Catechol-O-methyltransferase catalyzes #TheTransfer of a methyl #group from S-adenosylmethionine to catecholamines, including the neurotransmitters’ dopamine, epinephrine, and norepinephrine. Furthermore, Catechol-O-methyltransferase (COMT-22), an enzyme #ThatIs involved in #TheDegradation of catecholamine neurotransmitters (e.g., dopamine, epinephrine, and norepinephrine), can affect #ExecutiveFunctions involved in #CognitiveFlexibility, #ImpulseControl, #AbstractThought, and the ability to follow instructions (1, 2, 3)-(COMT-22 also in addictions and learning disabilities http://rite.link/XfGs).

 

Note: a number of genes associated with ADHD, which has a heritability of 71-90%, are also linked to dopamine transporter dysfunction (3). Dopamine imbalance has also been implicated in other conditions, including https://sway.office.com/FP5HpTc6qPsIEcsH?ref=Link. [Retrieved from http://rite.link/XfY8]. Note: 11- DRD2 provided by HGNC neuronal survival gene in the adult brain; Alzheimer’s, Parkinson’s, and Huntington’s; stress response and in the biology of mood disorders. The CDC reports that as of 2016, almost 10% of children were estimated to have ADHD, with boys twice as likely to be diagnosed than girls. [Retrieved from http://rite.link/XfYa].

 

Note: No one knows exactly what causes a person to have ADHD, but some researchers have looked at a neurotransmitter called dopamine as a possible contributor to ADHD. Dopamine allows us to regulate emotional responses and take action to achieve specific rewards. It’s responsible for feelings of pleasure and reward. Dopamine (DA) is a key brain neurotransmitter that contributes to control of different functions, such as cognition, #motivation and rewards, #AsWell as locomotion [1–3]. Alterations in dopaminergic function represent a hallmark in numerous mental diseases, including schizophrenia. [Retrieved from http://rite.link/XfYn] Another study found, dopaminergic pathways, [enables several species] to coordinate influence both ongoing and #future behavior. [Retrieved from http://rite.link/XfYZ]. ♿️ 👩‍👧‍👧 👱‍♀️ 🔮 👥 🤔 🔬 🤔 🎓 👯 👯‍♂️ 🔣 🔍 👀 #neurodiversity #learningdifferences #difference #epigenetics #positivelearningenvironment #agility #neurodiversity #explicitinstruction #difference #education #mindset #literacy

Published by Tricia Cook, MEd., Online Dyslexia and Behavioral Interventionist, RSP, AA O-G Tutor & Montessorian

My interest is in helping parents and teachers to understand learning and behavioral challenges and to love learning again. I graduated from Auburn in ECE in 1998. I have been a Montessori teacher here in Birmingham for almost 12 years and have lived in Birmingham for the past 19 years. As an early childhood teacher, I want continue to grow and develop as a constant learner. In 2012, I graduated from Secondary Education with a P-12 Reading Specialist certification the University of Alabama. As a Reading Specialist, I train on diversity and literacy development; I have a specialized knowledge of assessment and diagnosis that is vital for developing, implementing, and evaluating your literacy and neurodiversity behavioral, character development programing. Also, I have varying experiences designing instruction and environments for Montessori and Non-Montessori (OSR-Pre-K) environments. Therefore, I can consult for any environment or setting! In 2013, I attained my highly qualified status in ECE and Reading. In 2013, I also got my Orton-Gillingham AA tutor certification. I currently tutor full-time along with consulting. I have actually been tutoring since 2003. Along with other independent tutoring/interventionist experiences, I have brought dozens of students from an emergent to an advanced reading level! In addition to tutoring, I have provided the reading strengths and needs of my students and share that information to classroom teachers, parents, specialized teachers, and other stakeholders.  Lastly, I have also been a trainer/presenter, since 2008 and really enjoy this aspect of my career. As an experienced trainer, I have trained on many topics including: literacy (the five components), classroom management, positive discipline, diversity character development, Montessori Philosophy, policies and procedures, child development, and Alabama's Pre-k. Take note: Schools and families are desperately looking for an alternative type of affordable multi-sensory, hands-on, and interesting instruction. Currently, I am training and interested in writing on the following topics: A Comparison of Pre-K to Kindergarten; Adolescent Literacy (7th+); Assessment; Developing Readers; Children’s Literature; Classroom Management Techniques; Comprehension; Montessori Philosophy; Environmental Print & Early Writing; Family Attachment; Language and Literacy; Outdoor Classroom; Poetry Writing (7th+); Positive Guidance; Fine-motor Development; Cursive Writing; Creative Writing; Comprehension: Study Skills/Test Taking Strategies; Morphology; Phonics Instruction; Diversity Education; Neurodiversity Education; HandWriting; Reading Strategies; Best Practices P-12. Thank you, Tricia Cook, MEd., RSP, AOG; https://linktr.ee/tcooktutor

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